Cream, ginseng, spicy, and salty are among the common varieties. The fruit is classified as a drupe, meaning it has a pit (or stone) in the center, similar to a peach and apricot. Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. If you live in an area with cold winters, consider an American hybrid plum variety (like the alderwood plum), some of which can do well in temperatures as cold, like those found in USDA hardiness zone 3.; If you live in an area with moderately cold winters, consider either an American hybrid or European plum variety. There are a number of dwarf plum trees. These plum trees need other trees to pollinate, with plum varieties such as the Brookred Plum or Cherry Plums being ideal. If you don't have room to plant two trees that will pollenize each other, then it is best to plant a self fertile cultivar. Plum & Prune Trees; Plums grow in a rainbow of jewel colors, having been grown and hybridized by orchardists for millennia from a variety of parent species. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. The plum is the fruit produced by trees in the Prunus genus, which is a member of the rose family. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Plum Varieties. Plum Tree Varieties. Japanese varieties are usually earlier blooming, fleshier, softer and juicier. Bush and cherry plums reach 6 feet or so and may spread as wide or wider. Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. Plant breeders have given these new varieties of fruit cute names, such as Cherums, Plerries, or Chums. Many varieties exist including Green Gages, Damsons, Plums and Italian Prunes. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. They tend to be much drier than the standard prune. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum variety. 6. European Plums will produce some fruit on their own, but will produce far more if pollinated by another European Plum in the area. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. European varieties require minimal pruning and do not need thinning at all, as they do not bear fruits like the Japanese variety. For colder climates grow the beach plum (Prunus maritima), which is hardy to zone 3. Types of Flowering Plum Trees With Pink Flowers. The plum tree should take on a vase or Christmas-tree shape, which allows sunlight to filter through and encourage healthy growth. First cultivated in Asia, this tree blossoms in spring. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. We grow 35 acres of heirloom and specialty vegetables. We carry two main groups of plums: Japanese and European. Plums … Price List for Methley Plum Tree. View the Maturity Chart PDF. A dwarfed European plum on Nanking cherry roots will get as tall as 10 to 12 feet in height. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. Black Amber Okanagan plum varieties are a round fruit, black on the outside, and firm dark amber purple on the inside. (What's This?) Covid-19 has had a huge affect on our day-to-day, as it has many Albertans. It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. The pink flowers cover the tree and is lovely when in full bloom, which is very early in the spring. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. Plums are one of the best stonefruit types to grow in a home garden, as prolific crops of very good quality fruit can be produced with very little work. Bullace - strictly a cooking plum. These hybrid varieties have the exceptional flavour, sweetness and size of Japanese plums with the cold hardiness of a wild plum. Cut back the trunk by a foot or two each year to control the height of the tree and encourage bushy growth toward the bottom. Gulfbeauty, Gulfblaze, and Gulfrose are all low chill hour plum trees that will grow well in Florida. Other varieties that have been suggested for planting in the past include Black Amber, June Blood, Earliblue Fiebing, Ember, Ozark Gold, Ozark Premier, Friar and Starking Delicious. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Licorice is generally used to intensify the flavor of these plums and is used to make salty plum drinks and toppings for shaved ice or baobing. I would recommend the Newport Plum. Plum trees are very hardy, and many varieties can handle cold winters. The plant is native to China, the Americas, and Europe. “Gulf” cultivars of Plum trees have been cultivated by the University of Florida and will thrive in our warmer climate. There are three major categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American hybrids. Search AC Nursery. Pest and Disease Control. Plum trees bear for 10 to 15 years or more, and standard plum trees take space. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . Coe's Golden Drop European Plum A legendary oblong, golden plum introduced in 1800 at Bury St. Edmunds, England. Prune it so that a bud is left at the tip. Expect your tree to fill an area 15 to 20 feet square. Plums, apricots, and nectarines grown on this dwarfing rootstock have proven precocious. Most Japanese varieties require a pollinizer. If you enjoy gardening and have room for one or two new trees, you can combine the beauty of a flowering tree with a harvest of sweet, juicy fruit by planting a Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). Black Ambers are one of the best Japanese purple plum types. Farm Info. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the flesh. There are three different different types of plum trees as far as taste goes. Many of these new varieties have sprung from the crossing of Black Amber Asian plums and Supreme cherries. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Angelina, Damson and Green Gage are some of the best know European varieties. To grow plum trees in Florida you must plant specific varieties. Its flowers are followed by medium-to-large plums that come in purplish-black, red or other colors, depending on which variety you choose. Plumtree diseases may slow down or even completely terminate the fruit production. It is the plum tree that offers the longest pollination period, starting its flowers with the very first flowering plum tree varieties, and lasting as long as the last days of the latest flowering plum tree varieties. The trees are smaller than normal and very hardy, they are also ornamental. Most will freely interpollinize. Choosing a Plum Tree. However plum tree varieties such as Santa Rosa, Mariposa, and Satsuma are all well known Japanese types. 5. There are a few different varieties of the Flowering Plum tree so I will narrow it down to the best one. Purple-leaf plum trees are known to be susceptible to a large number of diseases including black knot, leaf spot, die back, leaf curl, powdery mildew, root rot and fireblight. If you want to go really small, there are even types of shrubs that bear edible plums. All the large-fruit Japanese plums must be thinned five to eight weeks after bloom. The reason is that Saint Juliens produce naturally smaller trees than other plum varieties, a desirable characteristic for commercial orchards and gardens, yet are widely-compatible with them. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. The Methley Plum tree is a self-fertile Japanese variety. When it reaches maturity it can grow 15 feet tall, it needs full sun and is ready for harvesting in early September. OTHER VARIETIES. Plum trees are delicious, summer fruiting plants that are delightful for fresh eating and with some varieties, drying as Prunes. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Thundercloud Purple Leaf Plum. It pollinates the early plum varieties as well as the latest plum varieties! Buy Plum Trees Cordons online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. The fruit has a very sharp flavour, excellent for jams and preserving. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Our goal is to connect visitors back to the land, to each other and to a simpler time. The new leaves are a light bronze-purple color but then they change to a reddish/dark purple. Those which are only suitable for cooking jams, sauces, pie-fillings etc., those which are best for eating and those which do a good job for both. They are also susceptible to pests such as borers, aphids, scale, leafhoppers, caterpillars, tent caterpillars, Japanese beetles, and spider mites. The most useful cultivars to grow in … European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Valton Is a zone 3 vigorous and very productive plum tree. Maturity Chart. Plum trees are easy to grow in any garden soil, but they do need good drainage. It usually reaches 8 feet tall. Tree ripened Black Amber plums have a beautiful fragrance with a slightly floral bouquet. They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. Customer Service. Size: 15 to 25 feet height. Italian prunes can be kept as dwarf trees around 10-12 feet (3-3-1/2 m.) through careful pruning, a very manageable size. Scientific name: Prunus cerasifera Synonyms: Cherry plum, myrobalan plum. Shipping dates are subject to change. This purple leaf plum tree is the hardiest one. One such shrub is the natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa), which can be grown in zones 9 to 11. The problems, which plum trees face is diverse that is mainly the wind-borne bacterial and viral diseases. Chums Are Cherry-Plum trees. The most popular plum trees are red plums such as Satsuma, a red plum with red flesh. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Description hundercloud Purple Leaf Plum is deciduous tree with deep purple leaves and solitary, pink flowers. Healthy plum trees are prolific and the fruits fill every branch and limb, often ripening all at once. Plum trees fall into two main categories, European types such as and Japanese types (blood plums). Italian prune plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an excellent choice of plum varietal to grow. Recommended cultivars for European and Japanese plums are listed in order of maturity in two groups in Table 1, Recommended European and Japanese Plum. Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. We stock some of the nations favourite plum tree varieties such as Czar (a particulary hardy variety with attractive and tasty purple-blue fruit) and Victoria, the most popular variety needing no introduction. There are three main species of plum trees that can be grown in our prairie climate. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. Plums are a type of stone fruit, which also includes peaches, nectarines, apricots, and cherries. (250 Chill Hours) Choose Willis Orchards for a quality Methley Plum tree for sale! Keep pruning the trunk. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). 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