First things first, we’ve got a bit of a hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to make here. Myth and Legend. 14. Myths give a religious explanation for something. Anyone with the knowledge of more than one of these world mythologies would realize that there are some glaring similarities between them. Similarly, folk tales and myths are two different types of stories that are often used interchangeably due to their similar nature. There is a fine line that draws the difference between folk tales and myths. What are some similarities of myths and fairy tales? Māori myths and legends offer a fascinating take on New Zealand’s origins and the Earth’s creation. Myths and legends can seem very similar, however there are a few key differences. Myths, derived from the Greek word ‘mythos’ meaning “thought, story, or speech”, are stories or tales that have been rooted in religion or folk beliefs of that time. The legend and the myth have, however, certain similarities: both have passed from generation to generation through oral or written transmission, both are stories that seek to explain an event or phenomenon that is enigmatic or mysterious. One common method that may be used to differentiate between the two terms, however, is for someone to consider the scope of a story and use this to distinguish between mythology and folklore. “Folklore” is an umbrella term that encompasses many different forms such as narratives, customs, beliefs, material objects, etc. Below we explain in more detail what the myth is and what the legend. Myths vs Folk Tales. Myths attempt to explain the beginning of the world, natural phenomena, the relationships between the gods and humans, and the origins of civilization. Here are 11 tales that will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition. There are stories about gods (ngā atua), mythical creatures, nature, warfare and astronomy to name a few. Folktales are retelling's stories, myths, and legends. The difference between mythology and folklore can be quite subtle, and the terms are often used interchangeably by both laypeople and established scholars. Folktales are a direct expression of a culture's values and behavioral expectations. Comparative mythology is the comparison of myths from different cultures in an attempt to identify shared themes and characteristics. A legend is a heroic tale and is often told as a historical event. Origin Myths & Archetypes Stories of how events, actions, or objects came to exist, featuring common archetypes found universally in myths from around the world. Comparative mythology has served a variety of academic purposes. What are the similarities and differences between epic tales and myths? The summer before 5th grade, I happily enrolled in a Greek mythology summer school class. Fables, Folktales, Myths and Legends. 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