Employees of John Jacob Astor, who had established his fur trading outpost in Oregon, blazed what became known as the Oregon Trail while carrying dispatches back east to Astor's headquarters. What was the destination for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail? You can also find out about the state parks and museums where you can see the original stages, that once traveled the dusty roads of California in the 19th century. The latter, spanning about 2,650 miles of America’s West Coast, from Mexico to … The Mormon migration was a movement of a community. Click here to see a video tour of each of the California Missions. 1854 --Kansas Territory established 1858-- Colorado Gold Rush. ( 22 ) The route was discontinued less than a year later. 1859 – Fort Larned established. Many '49ers ferried or forded the Kansas at this new upper crossing, on the "Independence" Oregon-California Trail. Fort Laramie is best known for the years from 1849 to 1890, when it served as a military post in the western Indian Wars. The U.S. Congress memorialized the vital role the Oregon Trail played in our nation?s history in 1978, when the trail was designated a National Historic Trail. Portland, Oregon or California. But in the beginning there were just two: the Appalachian Trail and the Pacific Crest Trail. The trail left the California Trail from the Truckee River about where Reno, Nevada is now situated. This was the beginning of the Great Migration. What types of people traveled along the Santa Fe Trail? 6. In the spring of 1834, Fort William on the Laramie was established by fur traders as a stockade made from cottonwood logs. Traders. A portion of this famous highway provided a transportation corridor through Victorville, which was unsurpassed until Interstate 15 was constructed. The original route scouted by the expedition team has changed in several places as better links—such as new rail-trails—have been established. The generally recognized start of significant movement west has been established as 1843. The trail is significant to New Mexico history, because it established a grueling but usable trade route with California. The Santa Fe Trail was America’s first commercial highway. The trail went north and west from there (roughtly along the route now followed by Highway 395), then turned west through the Beckwourth Pass. The Trail in California The Mormon Battalion crossed the Colorado River into what is now California on January 9 and 10, 1847, near Yuma. Early in the 1820s wagon trains were being sent over this route (Santa Fe Trail) from the Missouri River to Santa Fe, NM. To learn more about an individual mission… Under Spanish rule, the first California mission fort was established. The California Trail Over 240,000 people traveled the California Trail between 1843-1882 with the heaviest traffic occurring between 1849 (the beginning of the Gold Rush) and 1869 (the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad). Do you want to experience the trail? Read More. Over 300,000 people came into the state over the next few years. 1846 - California declares its independence from Mexico. The organization of Mormon wagon trains 9. and Placer St. to Canyon Creek Rd. When was the Oregon-California trail established? from Buenaventura Blvd. Northern California has a rich history of gold mining, one that dates back to 1848 when gold was first discovered along the American River. Blue Gravel Mine Trail spans 1.75 mi. A fourth overland route to California, from Kansas City to Stockton, was established in 1858. This first group established what would become the Oregon and the California trails. 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