Vegetables. After all this research, I think it’s time for conclusions. They are used in dishes and curries but they can also be eaten raw, mixed with salads or to make pickles and chutneys. [76][6], The triploid onion is a hybrid species with three sets of chromosomes, two sets from A. cepa and the third set from an unknown parent. viviparum. The onion is likely native to southwestern Asia but is now grown throughout the world, chiefly in the temperate zones. Potatoes. After all, it grows in the ground, isn’t it? Put onion nutrition into action with these great onion recipes bulbiferum, and A. cepa var. Updated: 12 February 2016. It grows well in moderate climates and is … Similar to garlic,[31] onions can show an additional colour – pink-red – after cutting, an effect caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds. Onion is also widely used in soups, pickles and cooked vegetable dishes, sauces, hearty casseroles, and bean and lentil dishes. What is your opinion? [15], Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. Or roots, or bulbs? An onion is a vegetable not a fruit. French onion soup calls for the onions to be thinly sliced and caramelized in a pan. We can also consume the leaves of the onion. Cepa is commonly accepted as Latin for "onion" and has an affinity with Ancient Greek: κάπια (kápia) and Albanian: qepë and is ancestral to Aromanian: tseapã, Catalan: ceba, Occitan: ceba, Spanish: cebolla, Italian: cipolla, and Romanian: ceapă. It is a common ingredient in marinades, and an onion studded with cloves is often a main flavouring in stocks and courts-bouillons. Onions require a high level of nutrients in the soil. Young plants may be harvested before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions. [78], This article is about the plant. Calories-40 per 100 g, folates-19 μg (5% DV), pyridoxine-0.120 mg (9% DV), vitamin C-7.4 mg (12% DV), potassium 146 mg (3% DV), manganese-0.129 mg (5.5% DV) I still think of onions as a root vegetable, though. It is made from finely ground, dehydrated onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, and has a strong odour. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. [44] Refrigerating the onions before use reduces the enzyme reaction rate and using a fan can blow the gas away from the eyes. [67], White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. No cure is known and affected plants should be uprooted and burned. Climate Change I, onion: An authorised biography of the humble vegetable. As the roots rot, the foliage turns yellow and wilts. These resting structures remain in the soil to reinfect a future crop. There are very small genetic differences between 'Pran' and the Croatian clone 'Ljutika', implying a monophyletic origin for this species.[77]. "[13], The vast majority of cultivars of A. cepa belong to the "common onion group" (A. cepa var. The Vedic texts urge pregnant mothers to abstain from onion and garlic and other pungent foods because the child’s body is too delicate to tolerate such irritation. 1 decade ago. The base of each leaf is a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of the basal plate of a bulb. The common onion is classified under the Allium cepa species of which there are hundreds of different cultivars. We use it in many food recipes, almost every gardener grows it in his garden, we can eat every part of it, is healthy whether it is raw or cooked, plus consuming it brings us numerous health benefits. The English word chive is also derived from the Old French cive, which derived from cepa. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. Raw onions can be readily available during all the seasons. Fritsch & Matin) from Iran. Bulbing usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks. In the stores, they can be available in fresh, frozen, canned, pickled, powdered, and dehydrated forms.While buying, look for fresh ones that are clean, uniform, well-developed bulbs with dry, flaky outer (tunic) layers. for the triploid onion, but this name has also been applied to the Egyptian onion. 1 So, putting our botany caps on, we would classify foods like apples, strawberries and cherries as fruit, including peppers! [19] Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV. [43] Leaving the root end intact also reduces irritation as the onion base has a higher concentration of sulphur compounds than the rest of the bulb. Onions are actually a type of bulb root vegetable from the genus Allium. The Aggregatum Group of cultivars (A. cepa var. [72] Common onions range from the pungent varieties used for dried soups and onion powder to the mild and hearty sweet onions, such as the Vidalia from Georgia, USA, or Walla Walla from Washington that can be sliced and eaten raw on a sandwich. In dry weather, they can be left on the surface of the soil for a few days for drying, then placed in nets, roped into strings, or laid in layers in shallow boxes. With the recent press on alliums such as onions and garlic protecting against both cardiovascular disease and cancer, we asked a friendly vegetable expert to tell us more about this family of vegetables. There are varieties of ways to chop onions. Therefore, from what we know so far, we can say that onion is a bulb. ×cornutum). All About Allium Vegetables. Based on the recent crossword puzzles featuring 'Onion is a vegetable' we have classified it as a cryptic crossword clue. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense). Potato – This is a stem, an underground storage stem called a tuber. These multiple choppers are the perfect solution for your kitchen problem. What is it? They are fleshy, hollow, and cylindrical, with one flattened side. the second in My New(ISH) series I’m calling ‘add a vegetable’. Onions are the most used flavouring vegetable in the world. The au gratin dish you mentioned qualifies. [17] According to diaries kept by certain of the first English colonists, the bulb onion was one of the first crops planted by the Pilgrim fathers.[19]. The bulb is like a fat part of the stem on the onion family. 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