À l'heure actuelle, El Alamein est un port de commerce, situé à environ cent kilomètres à l'ouest d'Alexandrie, principalement utilisé par les pétroliers. Elle a été le théâtre, en juillet et octobre 1942, de deux importantes batailles de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, opposant plusieurs divisions italiennes et les divisions blindées allemandes de la Deutsches Afrikakorps, commandées par le Generalfeldmarschall Rommel, à la 8e armée britannique commandée par le général Auchinleck puis par le général Montgomery, qui comprenait la 1re Brigade française libre sous le commandement du général Kœnig. El Alamein is a town in Egypt. Having been badly defeated by Axis forces at Gazala in June 1942, the British Eighth Army retreated east into Egypt and assumed a defensive position near El Alamein. El Alamein est une ville égyptienne située dans le désert de Libye, au bord de la mer Méditerranée. It served notice to the Axis that they would pay an ever greater price in human and material terms for their aggression. It is seen as one of its decisive victories. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 15 octobre 2020 à 13:11. Details of Battle The Battle of El Alamein -The Allies were already having problems in Europe with the Russians and Germans, so obtaining El Alamein was essential. Victory proved that the problems that had plagued the Army for years had at last been overcome and that its equipment, tactics, generalship and fighting spirit were a match for the Axis. By summer 1942, close to three years since the outbreak of war, the Allies were in trouble throughout Europe. The swift advance of the Italian Army bolstered by the German Afrika Corps in North Africa was quickly reflecting the unshakeable advances in Europe. El Alamein est une ville égyptienne située dans le désert de Libye, au bord de la mer Méditerranée. While victory at El Alamein does not compare with Stalingrad in terms of intensity and scale, o. Wehrmacht’s losses at Stalingrad – not just in men, but in supplies of arms and materiel – brought Germany to the brink of a military, political and economic crisis. 5,5 K J’aime. Elle vit également du tourisme historique. ", that El Alamein and the Battle of Stalingrad make up the turning points of World War II. The Second Battle of el Alamein pushed all German forces out of North Africa and opened up the way for the Invasion of Sicily and Italy. The area was generally very flat, and even some of the named ridges weren't major features (the Ruweisat Ridge, which featured heavily in the battle, was a low stony ridge, most notable as a viewpoint over the surrounding desert). El Alamein. Fact File : First Battle of El Alamein. Noté /5. Morale was at its lowest ebb... Germany had invaded Greece and Yugoslavia...  U-boats started sinking ships in the Atlantic which were bringing us food and arms. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. By the time Rommel's Afrika Corps and Montgomery faced off at El Alamein the Wehrmacht had pushed the Russian Red Army and European Eastern Front to Stalingrad. “Before El Alamein we never had a victory, after we never had a defeat.” - so ran a popular saying of the day - such a change in morale was momentous. Battles of El-Alamein, (1–27 July 1942, 23 October—11 November 1942), World War II events. entre El Alamein et la dépression des sables mouvants de Qattarah. The battle of El Alamein was not such a great victory strategically, though it did remove the axis powers from Africa, it was rather a triumph for the allies proving that a combined allied army was equal to the task of defeating a Nazi army. Désert occidental octobre-novembre 1942 Major-général Sir Francis de Guingand . The town also has a very important railroad station, which has been important to all of the battles that have happened in El Alamein. Why was the battle of El Alamein significant? "The victory of El Alamein proclaimed to the world that the war had really turned against the Axis. And germany needed alot of oil . The operations of Nazi U-boats in the Atlantic were having a major effect on British and US commercial shipping as well as the flow of Allied support to alleviate the severe Russian losses. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion El Alamein oli yksi toisen maailmansodan ratkaisupaikkoja. Alamein was itself a small railway station with little significance, however as a defensive position it was ideal for the Allies. Hence winning the war in the desert was pivotal. The psychological blow of losing the Suez Canal and the war in North Africa would have been incalculable especially considering the blow to the war effort and public atmosphere as Italy and Germany gained free access to oil in the Middle East and the Jewish population in Yeshuv. The Australians paid a fearful price for their involvement, suffering almost 6,000 casualties between July and November 1942. Avec un climat méditerranéen typique, El Alamein a un climat agréable tout au long de l'année, avec des hivers froids et des étés chauds. It was a major defeat for Rommel's Desert Army. Nowadays, nearly every monument and landmark within El Alamein’s environs is dedicated to this event and the soldiers who gave there live here. Germany had massive army with alot of vehicles specially Germany was on offensive . This was the message conveyed to the public and army at the time through the press and radio as the speech was broadcast to a considerable audience around the world. BATEAU EL ALAMEIN, Paris. It is most famous for being the place where the British -led Allies won the Second Battle of El Alamein against the Nazis during World War II . Between the sea and the dunes of the Qattara Depression to the South, Rommel would be unable to use his preferred tactic of encirclement. The importance of El Alamein was that the Allies finally proved that they had learnt how to translate strategic advantage into military success on the ground. Noté /5. Its significance was feted, a touch inaccurately, by Winston Churchill: ‘ before Alamein we never had a victory, after it never a defeat .’ After the First Battle of El-Alamein, Egypt (150 miles west of Cairo), ended in a stalemate, the second one was decisive. 1-4 July 1942 Theatre: North Africa Area: Around the Egyptian town of El Alamein, 100km (60 miles) west of Alexandria. Recovering and reinforcing, new leadership on the British side commenced planning an … Updated March 05, 2020 The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1-27, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945). Avec la construction, au début des années 2000, d'un aéroport s'ajoutant à ceux d'Alexandrie et de Marsa Matruh, le développement touristique a été fortement accéléré par la construction de programme de villas résidentielles et d'hôtels. It marked the beginning of the end for the Axis in North Africa. The El Alamein Memorial Fountain is of State historical heritage significance as a war memorial to the battles fought by Australian soldiers near the Egyptian town of El Alamein which helped turn the course of World War II towards victory for the Allies. An emotive and rallying speech, Winston Churchill’s address at the Lord Mayor’s Day Luncheon is amongst his most revered. Diagrams. Having been driven east by Axis forces in 1942, the British had established a strong defensive line at El Alamein, Egypt. ... Why was the Battle of Stalingrad a significant event in World War II? Elle est située à 106 km à l'ouest d'Alexandrie et à 240 km au nord-ouest du Caire. Le bonheur... Ouvert autant qu’on peut, checkez la programmation sur le site du Bateau Et on vous aime. Twice the Yishuv came up against a possible German invasion during World War Two, first from the north and pro-Nazi Vichy regime that controlled Syria and Lebanon and then again during the spring of 1942 to November 3, 1942, when the Afrika Corps headed east toward the Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle East. La seconde bataille d'El-Alamein est un épisode de la guerre du désert durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. The surprise German attack launched against Russia - Operation Barbarossa - was the largest military assault of the war and since the 22nd of June 1941 had had appalling consequences for the Russian people. Historian David Knowles paints a valuable picture of morale and the Allied situation prior to victory at El Alamein: "We had suffered defeats for the previous two years, and we were demoralised. The Second Battle of El Alamein was fought from October 23, 1942 to November 5, 1942 during World War II (1939-1945) and was the turning point of the campaign in the Western Desert. 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